Trilateral Information Sharing Agreement

April 13, 2021

Randall Schriver: I`m going to focus on military risks. While the agreement that followed on 22 November “could bear in mind that the exchange of military information with Japan is on the decline, we will use the Trilateral Information Sharing Agreement (TISA) channel,” said Deputy National Security Adviser Kim Hyun-chong. Randall Schriver: I don`t know what was recommended to President Trump. I have no information on that about the G-20. So I think he has a substantial and frequent engagement with Prime Minister Abe and President Moon. But I am not aware of any particular proposal or what could have been presented before the G20. A South Korean official said Friday that there is still no deadline to settle disputes and that Seoul would denounce the pact if no agreement is reached. Randall Schriver: Yes. On the most fundamental side, the previous agreement has us in the middle, since, under the agreement, South Korea or Japan first provides their secret information to the United States if one side intends to share its secrets with the other, and Washington then shares the secrets with the other participant.

Today, the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Korea, the Japanese Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Defense of the United States of America have concluded a trilateral agreement on the exchange of information on nuclear and missile threats emanating from North Korea. This agreement establishes a framework that allows the defence authorities of the United States, the Republic of Korea and Japan to voluntarily disclose secret information. The Ministry of Defence should serve as a hub for trilateral information. The agreement does not impose new legal obligations on signatories. This regime strengthens the security of the three signatories. In particular, the exchange of information between the signatories on nuclear and missile threats from North Korea will enable a more effective response to provocations and future contingencies. The full text of the arrangement can be found here. The bilateral alliance with these two countries is important to us and deep trilateral cooperation has enabled our three countries to seize the most difficult domestic security issues since World War II, from the challenges posed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War to the threat to North Korea on the emerging challenges that China poses as a global competitor.

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