Peace Agreement South Sudan 2020

April 11, 2021

On 17 December, Hemetti and Malik Agar, head of SPLM-N (Agar), signed an agreement on the two-zone “humanitarian protocol and ceasefire. The agreement includes a ceasefire monitoring group consisting of three representatives from both sides and a South Sudanese chair in Khartoum, with a sub-office in Kadugli and another in Ed Damazin; and sending a joint mission to both areas to assess humanitarian needs and plan and implement a humanitarian action plan. [1] The President of the Sovereign Council of Sudan, Lieutenant-General Abdel Fattah al Burhan (left), South Sudanese President Salva Kiir (centre) and Sudanese Prime Minister Dr. Abdalla Hamdok (right), greet those who gathered in Juba, South Sudan, during the umbrella of the peace agreement with Sudan. Photo: AKUOT CHOL/AFP via Getty Images. The agreement, which is due to be formally signed in early October, was hailed by the UN Secretary-General as a “historic achievement” and the international community also praised the Government of South Sudan for its positive role as a mediator and invited the group to join the peace process. Much depends on the implementation of the agreement and the experience of implementing the peace agreements in Sudan has been dismal, especially when it comes to bringing tangible benefits to the local population. He said that there could be no development without peace and peace without just and equitable development, all of which would contribute to democracy. He added that the country was waiting for the two rebel leaders who did not sign the agreement – Abdel Aziz Helou and Abdel Wahad Nour – to join him.

Two other established rebel groups have not signed, reflecting the challenges the peace process still faces. “No matter where people live or who they are, all South Sudanese hope for peace and prosperity,” he added. “We are witnessing a return to business as usual,” where progress on the peace agreement itself is dragging on. South Sudanese Ombudsman Dams Dhieu Mathok said the “participation of refugees, displaced persons and civil society leaders” was being negotiated and was a critical part of the Darfur peace process. [9] As Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok said, “this is a Sudanese peace that is made on our own and on our own” and”this is not a paper agreement, but a living organism that, of all of us, needs care, attention and political will.”

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