Apa Itu Headquarters Agreement

September 11, 2021

Originally, ITU aimed to support the linking of telegraph networks between countries, with the emergence of new communication technologies. It took its present name in 1934 to reflect its expanded radio and telephone skills. On 15 November 1947, ITU concluded an agreement with the newly created United Nations on the special agency within the United Nations system, which formally entered into force on 1 January 1949. [3] On November 15, 1947, ITU was recognized as a special agency for global telecommunications by an agreement between ITU and the newly created United Nations. This agreement entered into force on 1 January 1949 and officially made ITU an organ of the United Nations. [9] [12] Another example is the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), which signs headquarters agreements with the countries in which it operates in order to grant the ICRC legal status to enable the ICRC to carry out its functions. The term “headquarters agreement” appears in the following two legal instruments: please note that there is no legal basis for the definition of “headquarters agreement” and that few books deal with this issue. Nevertheless, the term “headquarters agreement” appears in the following two instruments: EUCLID has signed two headquarters agreements, legally in force and in service. The initial agreement with the Central African Republic (2011) and a new agreement with the Republic of The Gambia were signed in Bangui in 2013 due to instability and operational challenges.

In addition, the EUCLID Treaty provided for a temporary seat in Brussels, Belgium (without special status), and EUCLID has a liaison office in Washington DC, which is also an executive office with no special legal status. Headquarters conventions are submitted for information to the United Nations Treaty Section, but are not always published in the UNTS catalogue. Under the 1986 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, the definition of the term “treaty” is moved from the 1969 definition (only between States) to legally binding agreements between States and international organizations, as well as between international organizations. Apa yang dimaksud dengan headquarter agreement dalam hukum organisasi internasional? Apa contoh suatu kebiasaan internasional yang menjadi sumber hukum organisasi internasional ? The most classic example of a “treaty” between an international organization and a State is a headquarters agreement that governs the status and privileges of an international organization in the territory of a host State. Some organizations (including their agencies) such as the United Nations have intervened in several countries (United States, Switzerland are the most important). ITU is one of the oldest active international organizations (the Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine has been several decades ahead of it[5][6]). It was preceded by the dissolution of the International Telegraph Union, which designed the first international standards and regulations applicable to international telegraph networks. [7] The development of the telegraph in the early 19th century changed the way people communicated locally and internationally. Between 1849 and 1865, a number of bilateral and regional agreements between Western European countries attempted to standardize international communications. [8] Although there is no specific definition of a “headquarters agreement”, we conclude that a headquarters agreement is an agreement that governs the obligations of each party and confers on international organizations legal status, special rights and immunities to perform their functions in the sovereign territory of the host State. .

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