Agreement On The Maintenance Of Peace And Tranquility

September 9, 2021

In December 1962, representatives of six Afro-Asian nations met in Colombo to elaborate peace proposals for India and China. Their proposals formalized China`s promise of a 20-kilometer withdrawal and the same line was used, referred to as “the line from which Chinese forces will withdraw for 20 kilometers.” [21] [22] The Indian government claims that Chinese troops continue to illegally enter the region hundreds of times a year. [10] In 2013, a three-week standoff (Daulat Beg Oldi incident in 2013) pitted Indian and Chinese troops 30 km southeast of Daulat Beg Oldi against Him. It was resolved and Chinese and Indian troops withdrew in exchange for a Chinese agreement to destroy some military structures located 250 km south near Chumar, which the Indians deemed threatening. [11] Later that year, it was reported that between August and February, Indian forces had already documented 329 sightings of unidentified objects over a lake in the border region. They recorded 155 such burglaries. Subsequently, some objects were identified by the Indian Institute of Astrophysics as planets Venus and Jupiter and appeared brighter due to the diversity of the atmosphere at altitude and confusion due to the increased use of surveillance drones. [12] In October 2013, India and China signed a border defense cooperation agreement to ensure that patrols along the LAC do not escalate into armed conflict. [13] 7. The two Parties agree, through consultations, on the form, method, extent and content of effective verification and monitoring measures necessary for the reduction of armed forces and the maintenance of peace and tranquillity in the areas along the line of effective control provided for in this Agreement. “For the Chinese side, we have respected the agreements signed between China and India. We defend peace and stability in the border region.

In the meantime, we are committed to our sovereignty and territorial integrity,” he said. The term “real line of control” was reportedly used by Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai in a 1959 memo to Indian Premier Jawaharlal Nehru. [2] The delimitation was an informal ceasefire line between India and China after the Sino-Indian War from 1962 to 1993, when their existence was officially accepted as “Line of Actual Control” in a bilateral agreement. [5] The term “LAC” was legally recognized in the Sino-Indian agreements signed in 1993 and 1996. The 1996 agreement stipulates that no activity of either of them must cross the line of actual control. [8] However, Clause 6 of the 1993 Agreement on the Maintenance of Peace and Tranquillity along the Line of Effective Control in the India-China Border Areas states that “both sides agree that references to the effective line of control in this Agreement do not affect their respective positions on the border issue.” [9] The Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the People`s Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as “the two sides”) have, in accordance with the five principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other`s internal affairs, mutual equality and benefit, and peaceful coexistence, as well as the maintenance of peace and tranquility in Gebi and along the Line of Effective Control in the India-China border areas. . . .

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